Dear Mark,

I have two questions, if it is ok for you.

  1. you write “And there are many careers in science that are not in academia. Private sector research, of course. Journal editors. Science journalism. Science communication. But what of the jobs outside of this bubble? You know, normal life?”. Then you specify that going through a PhD is “A chance to become a world expert in your own little niche of science or the humanities.” I think that these two sentences are a contradiction in term because during a PhD you over specialize, as you said, at the point that you are quite useless outside academia. I experienced myself a huge gap between the skills that I acquired during my PhD and the requirements companies ask. Companies were only interested in my programming skills. My question for youis then, can you please clarify what message you wanted to convey with respect to the two sentences I cited?

Thanks a lot in advance,

kind regards,




I mentor people to develop the required soft skills to become successful remote workers —

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